The Portrayal of Addiction in Urban Fantasy

urban fantasy is thought of as unimportant fluff, it often gets a pass
on many of the isms that it perpetuates. It never ceases to amaze me
that in a genre which is filled with fantastical elements that so many
find it difficult to create a world in which serious issues and
marginalisations can be discussed or included in anything approaching a
realistic or inclusive manner. Appropriation is absolutely rampant in
the genre and it is quite common to take serious issues and minimise
them by equating them to fantastical creatures. The viewer or reader is
meant to identify with the issues of the supernatural creature, even as
the portrayal leaves so much to be desired that it ends up stigmatising
the very issue that the genre is supposedly discussing.

of the recurring topics which urban fantasy has sought to integrate is
addiction. One of the most obvious examples in the genre is clearly
Being Human (UK).  Vampirism in Being Human (UK) is
clearly a metaphor for addiction because the vampires in this series
can exist for extended periods of time without consuming blood; however,
the moment they are turned, they develop an overwhelming desire to
consume blood. Essentially, the battle for each vampire seeking to
assimilate is to forgo the consumption of blood thereby; making the
consumption of blood a moral failing. By making vampirism a metaphor for
Being Human (UK)
is essentially saying that addiction in and of itself is monstrous and
so are the addicted. This is highly problematic because even though
those who love and support the addicted individual suffer, no one
suffers more than the addicted person themselves.

It is clear that Being Human (UK)
is attempting to create an equivalency between an addicted human and a
vampire. While to some degree the biological nature is explored because
it is not coincidental that children of alcoholics are far more likely
to become alcoholics themselves. However, a propensity for addiction
does not make addiction an inherent part of any person’s nature, not
even if they go on to become an addict. This contrasts sharply with the
blood hunger of a vampire which, by definition, is an inherent,
unchanging biological element of who and what they are.

Being Human (UK) is not the only Urban Fantasy to use themes of addiction when it comes to the supernatural. We’ve seen the same themes in Buffy, Secret Circle and even the latest season of The Vampire Diaries, have their addictive dark magic episodes and themes, Being Human (US) even had body hopping addiction with Sally. It’s common in books as well, with Chloe Neil’s Chicagoland vampires
exploring magic addiction. Addiction, whether it be to blood, magic,
forbidden arts or innumerable other supernatural elements continues to
be raised in the genre – but in nearly all cases, addiction is linked to
the damage it does to others. The addict is shameful and needs to be
stopped not for their own sake, but because of the people they hurt.
No-one is stopping Willow or Mallory or worried about Cassie’s dark
magic because them living with addiction so much as they are afraid of
the people their powers will hurt. No-one is concerned about the
difficulties vampires must endure with their blood addiction,
interventions are motivated by fear for their victims.

all cases, the addict is dangerous, a predator, a threat. Not a victim,
not someone who is ill, not even someone who needs help particularly,
so much as someone who needs to be controlled – not for their own good,
but for the good of others.

We see this continue even with more direct addictive parallels. In True Blood
vampire blood, V, is addictive and traded as a narcotic – and we do see
it treated this way and very well with Andy Bellefleur fighting his
addiction with Jason’s help. This is one of the few good examples on
television as Andy is treated as an addict, one who needs help for his
own sake not for the safety of others but to regain control and power in
his own life. However, V also makes people stronger and more dangerous,
so Andy Bellefleur’s struggles exists alongside packs of werewolves on V
being extra savage and more violent and a threat to those around them.
The message of the burden of addiction and recovery from Andy runs along
side the monstrous, supernaturally powerful and enhanced addict with
the werewolves.

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